Due to climate change and the increasing instances of floods and droughts, as well as widespread conflict and insecurity, millions of people across Afghanistan are trapped in a severe and complex humanitarian crisis and are often forced to seek sanctuary in other parts of the country or beyond. We mitigate the impact of disasters and save lives when and where populations are most vulnerable.

 Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change adaptation

We work with communities to understand how climate change and disaster hazards impact livelihoods and find ways to lessen their impact. We build local capacity to plan, prepare for and respond to disasters. In the past three years we have established 91 community-based disaster management committees through which we have helped communities to identify at-risk areas and protect themselves: by building flood retention walls, trenches and through tree planting, or by relocating vulnerable livestock and homes.

Over the past three years, we have protected a total of 1320 hectares of land with these activities. For instance, our projects have built 23 flood protection walls, covering a total of 2643 metres, and 2019 and 2020, we planted over 529,800 trees which revitalise and protect soil, whilst giving families good quality fruit to sell at the local market and provide a vital new source of income.

We have also provided community and school-based emergency response teams with training in early warning, emergency evacuation and first aid, and we have equipped 681 community-based teams and 254 school-based teams with emergency response kits, including rescue and first aid equipment. In the last 3 years we have run 85 first aid courses, benefitting over 1,700 people.

Many families displaced by natural disasters live in tents or makeshift homes inside incomplete buildings, leaving them particularly vulnerable during Afghanistan’s bitter, icy winters, especially in the Central Highlands. Last winter, we supported 1,920 internally displaced families get through the colder months. We provided 780 drought-affected families with cash assistance so they could purchase heaters, medicine and meet their critical daily needs. We provided a further 750 families with warm blankets as well as household and female hygiene kits; and for 390 families uprooted from their homes as a result of the drought and conflict, we ensured they had a warm shelter through the freezing winter months.

 Emergency Assistance

Afghanaid responds to disasters with emergency humanitarian assistance, immediately delivering cash assistance or providing food, clean water, shelter, and sanitation services to the most vulnerable families. We then support communities in their efforts to recover by rebuilding homes and infrastructure, renovating productive land and revitalising livelihoods. In the last three years, we have distributed 41,500 emergency food packages to vulnerable Afghans in times of crisis and rebuilt or repaired 716 damaged homes. As a direct response to food insecurity caused by COVID-19, in 2021 we will reach over 93,800 people with emergency food support across the country.

During 2019, thousands of families were still recovering from the 2018 drought—the worst this century—which struck two thirds of the country and robbed millions of people of their livelihoods. In 2019, we supported drought-recovery activities for small-scale farmers, resulting in the improved food security of 35,925 families, increasing their resilience as they continued to recover from the drought.

How you can help:

Families across Afghanistan are in desperate need of our help to get through this coronavirus crisis. You can give a helping hand in a few short clicks:

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